Dental deformities and braces go a long way in the history of dental health care. Starting from the time of Aristotle and Hippocrates to the modern 21st century, different types of braces has been formulated and used over the ages. While the ancient mummies have shown individuals with Catgut around their teeth, the same trend has continued for ages with metal braces becoming more popular since the 17st century. Since then, the branch of Orthodontics was taken up as a serious study and revolutions were made to make the use of braces more easier and convenient by giving rise to different types of braces.
Different types of braces that we are using today
Although initially the metal braces were in vogue for the treatment of shape deformities of the teeth yet many people didn’t prefer the use of the metal braces due to the weird look that these braces give. Most people felt shy to speak publicly if they were wearing braces and even were ridiculed by others. This had made the situation such that most people tended to avoid the use of braces unless it was absolutely necessary and they couldn’t do without reshaping their teeth.
This scenario has, however, changed and a number of different types of braces have come into the market for the past few centuries. These braces offer a lot facilities and also are popular as they no longer make one look ugly like in the case of the metal braces. Here is a list from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_braces of the most common brace forms that are used today.
Mostly made out of steel, these braces are the most common variety amongst the different types of braces that exist. They can be had at all common orthodontists and are easy to apply. They are even cheaper than most other forms of braces that we use.
Gold plated braces
Although these fall under the category of metal braces, they are not made from the usual steel or nickel. Instead, these are used by people who are usually allergic to the use of nickel in their mouth or prefer to look better with the gold plated braces than the ordinary silver colored braces.
These braces, are another form of metal braces that are a solution to the problem faced by people with nickel allergy. Due to the high cost of titanium, these braces come at a comparatively higher price than the usual steel ones.
Pros: They are very cheap usually and can be found in all places.
Cons: They are quite conspicuous.
An innovation of the modern age, the clear braces are one of the best solutions that people often opt for in the present times. The benefit of using these braces is that they are available in a variety of colors and shades and hence they can easily match with the color of the teeth of the person wearing the braces. These braces are usually made of either plastic or ceramic like materials that do not show up conspicuously and doesn’t mar your smile.
Pros: They are not as noticeable as the metal braces and practically invisible.
Cons: Needs a lot of maintenance and is quite brittle and cannot fit all teeth.
These braces follow the same pattern as that of the metal braces but the benefit that these braces offer is that the metal brackets remain at the back of the teeth and hence do not show up when you smile or talk. These are, thus, one of the easier options that people can opt for at a lower price and without opting for cosmetic procedures.
Pros: They are not visible to outsiders.
Cons: Expensive, not easy to clean, not suitable for severe cases
This a recent addition to the history of the braces and usually uses metal loops between the teeth formed in the wire in order to make the necessary vertical arrangements of the teeth.
Pros: It offers a 3D effect on each tooth, helping in strengthening them.
According to http://www.oralb.com/embraceit/types-of-braces, these aligners are usually applied to gradually help move the teeth to their original position with the use of teeth shaped plastic sets that are applied on to the real teeth set. In a gradual process, the teeth actually start gaining the shape as in the aligners and lose the gaps or bends that exist in the teeth. The most common variety of this type of aligners in Invisalign that has become quite popular these days.
Pros: Practically invisible and offers the benefits of no restriction on food and drink.
Cons: Expensive, only good for adults, not ideal for difficult situations.
This is a new addition to the different types of braces that already existed in the market and consist of A-shaped structures that can be fit into the teeth. While the point of the A is used to bite down on food, the arms actually can be adjusted so as to apply the proper pressure on the teeth without causing discomfort.
Pros: Easy to remove, adjust and put on. With no discomfort.
Cons: Not ideal to wear during the sleep hours.
These are the braces that have been designed with the use of the latest technology and works with the assistance of a microchip that is embedded with the brackets. These braces are totally controlled by the microchip which decides how much pressure is to be implied on a particular tooth and how the braces need to be controlled so as to create the appropriate amount of pressure. This method is still under investigation to make better headway into an easy braces experience.
Pros: State of the art facilities, easy control of the pressure, no discomfort or pain due to excessive pressure.
Cons: A bit more expensive than other methods of wearing braces.
Before you actually decide which, amongst the different types of braces to choose for yourself, you need to consult a dentist and actually determine the severity of your case and what should fit you the best. Also, the cost of the braces will determine what you can choose for yourself.